Camera Review

Leica CL (2022 - Present)

Here we go again - been doing a bit of due diligence on the Leica CL with a view to updating the X-Vario and this is the story ....

Leica CL

A: the X-Vario is a superb camera to work with but has a few annoyances which can be resolved with the CL.

Annoyance 1: The EVF-2 on the XV is not great and adds height to the body which makes it cumbersome when using jacket pockets/etc. It does however offer a tiltable aspect which can be good in some circumstances. The quality of view is average, OK for composition and it does at least have dioptric adjustment. It can slightly dislodge itself from the hotshoe when stowing in the carry bag. The EVF as an accessory has always been considered a weak point of the XV.

Annoyance 2: The clipping option used in conjunction with the histogram only functions in the play mode after the shot has been taken so is not very convenient as a tool to nail exposure.

Annoyance 3: When using the exposure compensation dial the histogram disappears requiring a bit of fiddling, the dedicated exposure compensation wheel is however a good thing.

Annoyance 4: Auto review can't be fully disabled - needs a halfpress of the shutter button so shots get missed/inadvertently taken (a firmware update could have easily resolved this I'm sure).

Annoyance 5: Never completely convinced by the autofocus

Quirks: Looking at the forums a lot of folk comment on Leica as being a bit of a marketing company with a lot of outsourced design/manufacture rather than a camera company and I must say how true it is sometimes. Continuity of design appears to vary all over the place across the models which is strange. Also so many little issues could be addressed via firmware (as Fuji indeed does quite well) but there seems to be a marked reluctance to go down that road quite often. Having said that the CL has received more firmware updates than the XVario ever got eg: v4.0 introduced the excellent SL type Quick Menu.

   Accessory handgrip - XV grip c. same size as CL but screwthread in different position and the CL one has no tripod thread mount in it. Not as robust as the XVario one. The finger loops can be used on both OK though.

   Chargers - XVario LED starts red and goes green when battery charged (very logical), CL LED starts green and goes out when charged (bit silly if you ask me).

   Focus point position - XV is easy to access and reset to center (press and hold delete/focus button and use info button to re-center), CL re-center done via nav buttons or touch.

   XV on/off switch had single/continuous positions (easy), CL options buried in menus (can be placed on FN button if it is not being used for something else).

My view is that if a particular Leica camera fits into your personal use case then go for it. Don't expect too much continuity in model design (unless it is an M-series of course).

View of first menu page when MENU button pressed (since v4 firmware) - gives relatively quick access to various functions (similar to SL).

V4 Menu
Next press of MENU button gives Favourites then 3rd press gives actual menus -
Main Menu

My original criteria for the XV generally still holds -

 Reasonable weight/size  - CL about the same
 Good manual focus if required  - yup OK here but no distance markings on CL lens.
 Good menu system/controls  - XV a bit simpler/easier
 Nice sharp lens  - should be very similar albeit different internal design
 Reasonable zoom range  - slightly improved on CL and of course other lens options possible
 Reasonably good ISO range with well controlled noise  - better on CL
 Dioptric adjustment on viewfinder  - yup OK here
 No sensor cleaning  - CL may not need too much if 18-56 zoom stays on body as per XVario
 Very quiet shutter  - CL needs to use electronic shutter (the CL manual shutter appears quite loud)

CL improvements:

   Inbuilt viewfinder is superb with dioptric adjust available (no tilt as per X-Vario). Sits where the flash did in XV.

   Highlight clipping available in preview so used in conjunction with the histogram should improve exposure control.

   Reports suggest that the autofocus works better than the XVario

These improvements swung the deal for me


Lens use not quite as elegant as XV with no distance markings and focal lengths marked as APS-C rather than 35mm equivalent.
It is annoying that autofocus lenses don't have distance markings for MF use even though MF is possible but heyho.

   XV fixed lens uses 35mm equivalent markings shown as 28/35/50/70 (possible with fixed lens).

   CL uses APS-C markings shown as 18/24/35/56. 35mm equivalent would be 27/36/53/84 (crop factor is 1.5).

Menu system a bit more complex as well as the two main wheels being programmable rather than fixed aperture/shutter wheels. However according to the experts the secret is to set up the buttons to fit your workflow and then don't change them unless you really have to. It looks like that although the CL doesn't appear as simple as the XVario to operate the CL allows the camera to be setup as per the XVario with careful programming and has the advantage of a few newer features (that will never appear on the XVario) along with a slightly better specced zoom.

Something to watch if using the handgrip - I found the grip to flex a wee bit whilst carrying on end of arm and it is indeed a bit thinner than the XVario one which was more solid so at arms length a bit of a proper hold might avoid a broken grip.

So on balance the CL pretty well looks like a good XV successor although it is a different series of camera. Just a shame that there isn't more joined up thinking at Leica because with more commonality of design between the XV, CL and SL the successor could have been an absolute showstopper. As an indicator of this the XV had a dedicated exposure compensation wheel very nicely positioned (doubled as a thumb rest) on the back similar to the Leica SL and M11 but not on the CL. Also the SL has a wee button to switch between EVF and LCD but not the CL. On the other hand version 4 firmware for the CL introduced a quick menu similar to the SL so one does get the impression the chickens are running around looking for heads. At least Peter Karbe is doing the business with the lenses!

I went for a good used model so hopefully it is not a lemon with a red dot! Hoping it will turn out as a better X-Vario.
Maybe I will run them side by side for a while but we'll see.

Image Numbering:
It so happens that after a firmware update the image file numbers are reset internally so it is a bit of a fiddle to get back to the old sequence.

Default Format - LFFFXXXX   start is L1000001 where 100 is the folder (FFF) and 0001 is image number (XXXX). L (probably for Leica) is default but can be changed.
Each folder will hold images numbered upto 9999. This methodology holds for both the CL and XV.

My scenario -

   XV starts from 1010001 and after Leica repair used the 103XXXX range so for the CL I want to use the 106XXXX range.

   A 'Reset Image Numbering' in the menu will set the image to 1000001 however if the card contains an image with say 1009999 then the reset will start at 1010001 (the next range of XXXX)


1   Format the card in the camera.
2   Reset the numbering and take a snap which was L1000001.
3   Edit the card (via iMac in my case) - the volume name happened to be LEICA DSC which had a folder called 100LEICA which in turn contained DNG/JPG images called L1000001.
The image name was changed to L1059999 and the folder to 105LEICA.
4   Insert the card into the CL and reset numbering a number of times taking a snap each time. In each case the new start number will be the next range so it went 1020001, 1030001, 1040001, 1060001. The keen eye will notice that 1050001 was missed out because it existed on the card already so I suspect the quick way to set the number to 1060001 without having to iterate through resets would have been to initially create a card with 6 folders each with an image.
   100LEICA containing L1009999
   101LEICA containing L1019999
   102LEICA containing L1029999
   103LEICA containing L1039999
   104LEICA containing L1049999
   105LEICA containing L1059999

I would expect this card to produce L1060001 when the numbering was reset.

    C-Lux -- 340g
    X-Vario(VF2) -- 680g  (786g with grip & fingerloop)
    CL(18-56) -- 668g  (773g with grip & fingerloop)
    5D with 24-105 - c. 1600g

Technically the CL is a bit heavier than the XV without the EVF added but I want to compare apples with apples.

The thread size on the 18-56 zoom is 52mm so a B&W XS-Pro Nano works fine. (B&W 52 010 UV+Haze MRC nano)

Typical file sizes -

    5D    12.8Mpx    CR2 - c. 14M
    XV    16.2Mpx    DNG - c. 24.5M (out of camera)
                           - c. 17.1M (Adobe DNG compressed - no loss Note: earlier versions of DNG Converter allowed compression of DNGs but no longer)
    CL    24.2Mpx    DNG - c. 45M (out of camera)
    C-Lux    20.1Mpx    RWL - c. 23.6M (out of camera)

I have noticed during initial playing about that the CL gets quite warm in the body which the XV never did. The battery life of the CL is purportedly shorter than the XV but I think there is more going on with the displays/etc. As long as the heat doesn't build up too much it will be more pleasant to carry the CL using the fingerloop in cold conditions. 😁


Yet to be determined but indications are that using the live view screen a lot tends to drain the battery a bit. I have also turned off the wifi (Leica PHOTOS) since I just download snaps from the card directly.
Just need to have a few spare batteries available as per the XV.
Update: Quite poor battery endurance so will require 3 or 4 spares on longer trips (without a battery you may as well be carrying a cabbage!)
I suspect if you are a skilled photographer who doesn't need the electronic histogram/etc then you'll probably get more mileage - you could get by with the shutter/aperture on the top display and use the EVF just for framing.

Just thought I might try out one of the Sigma BP-51 batteries which are the same spec (7.2v 1200mAh 8.7Wh and identical shape) which in theory should give at least the same performance as the Leica branded ones at half/third the cost.
Would have liked a higher capacity one but the Wasabi ones don't seem to be available and the DSTE ones are running 7.4v. Back in the day well engineered input circuitry would easily handle 0.2v difference but I wouldn't know about the modern design and the camera is too expensive to try it out knowing that it would also have to be sent to Germany for an expensive repair
On the bright side the Sigma one in the Leica charger isn't smoking yet and it also comes with a handy wee holding case that can be attached to a strap (if you use one).

Special Note:
A good feature of the EVF2 used with the XVario was it had a button that allowed switching the display between the LCD on the rear and the viewfinder. This can be imitated on the CL by programming the FN button.
The EVF-LCD option has to be allowed in MainMenu > Customize Control as one of the 8 functions on the FN button. A long press of the FN button will then give the 8 options available that the FN can be programmed for. If EVF-LCD is selected then each time the FN button is short pressed the display will cycle between the EVF and the LCD - hopefully this will help with battery life. The situation where the LCD is off and the EVF is on only when the eye is using it is possible so that should save some power I hope.

Zoom lens comparison:

    XVario - Vario-Elmar 1:3.5-6.4/18-46 ASPH. (28-70 35mm equivalent).

    CL - Vario-Elmar-TL 1:3.5-5.6/18-56 ASPH. (28-85 35mm equivalent).

Basically the TL zoom appears to be a redesigned/improved Vario-Elmar with a bit more capability at the long end.

XV vs CL

Helpful links:

One of a series of videos by Nick Rains -
These videos explain various aspects of the CL simply and clearly - definitely worth watching.

Already not having a hotshoe mounted EVF is a great step forward when using Charlie - there you go it's got a name!

Current setup:

    FN button - EVF-LCD   (No displays on unless eye to EVF)
    Left Wheel - Aperture
    Right Wheel - Exposure Compensation   (easier to turn with middle of thumb rather than tip)
    Right Wheel Button - ISO
    Left Wheel Button - Program Mode (P/A/S/M/etc)

    Menu Button (fixed) - Gives the quick select menu since v4.0

Firmware Fixes:

Don't know what it is about companies that don't like to explain bugfixes (it is like they have their goolies in a vice by the sales/marketing clowns) - anyway ....

    v4.1 - Possible fix/adjust to Auto White Balance (bit warmer maybe), Fix for Exposure Bracketing bug affecting LCD.


Toyed with the idea of a 55-135 TL zoom (80 - 200 35mm equiv) which looks/sounds like a nice lens but I feel that I would be caught in the same trap I was with the old Canon FD 200mm telephoto where the long end just isn't long enough and having to carry a bigger lense for only a few shots (that is why I got the CLux as it goes out to 360mm 35mm equivalent).

Camera Review

Leica C-Lux (2019 - Present)

Well, decided to obtain the C-Lux as a wee compact camera but with a capability of extreme zoom.

It complements the X-Vario very well and the images stack up pretty well given that it only has a 1 inch sensor -
 Reasonable weight/size
 Good manual focus if required
 Excellent long zoom range
 Dioptric adjustment on viewfinder
 No sensor cleaning
 Very quiet shutter

Leica C-Lux
For the avoidance of doubt the C-Lux is Leica's rebranded version of the Panasonic Lumix ZS/TZ200 (made in China) both models having Leica specced optics - I preferred the body styling of the Leica so I went that way (it costs more!)

Initial impressions are:

Zoom range is excellent (24 - 360mm 35mm equivalent) - my old Canon FD 200mm always seemed insufficient for telephoto and a lot of bulk as well but the 360 length on the C-Lux is almost double the focal length and lacks the bulk!

The viewfinder is small and I find using it is crap (it does have a dioptric adjustment which is good) however the rear LCD display is excellent and so far has been quite usable in the daylight.

Adjusting the focusing area in the frame is easy with the touch sensitive screen and the stabilisation appears to work quite well with telephoto. The camera has enough weight to feel solid and stable also.

I find the out-of-camera jpgs to be excellent but still use the RAW/JPG combo.
The RAW format is .RWL which is a bit of a hassle since support is patchy -

RWL is not supported on MacOS High Sierra (10.13.6) or Lightroom 6 (standalone) - however if the EXIF data is altered (Make - LEICA CAMERA AG --> Panasonic and Camera Model Name - C-Lux --> DC-TZ200) then MacOS will recognise the file (LR needs to be a subscription version I think).

The latest Adobe DNG Converter will convert the RWL files to DNG and I use this to provide raw files for LR6.
If the EXIF is altered to allow MacOS to recognise the file then other software packages will work fine (eg: Raw Power, Iridient Developer, DarkTable, etc).

No GPS inbuilt but apparently it can be done using the wireless with an iPhone app (sounds all a bit tedious especially on the hills with current battery technology).

Carrying the camera in a pocket I have found it is quite easy to hit the lens covers with the fingers in the closed position (they are a bit flexible and easy to damage) so I have butchered up a wee lens cover that slips over the lens in the closed position. I guess the proper solution is to pay for an expensive but nice leather camera case but I don't want to add more bulk to the camera at this stage.
The DIY lens cap happens to be a cut down plastic top from a can of Everbuild All Purpose Silicon Spray but works a treat and is quick and easy to pop on/off

Lens in closed position
Bespoke Lens Cap
Auto-focus works well - appears to be a lot better than the X-Vario is this regard

The menus are similar to Leica's normal style but appear OK to use - having said that I find the camera is hugely feature rich to the point of being confusing but I will be 'focusing' only on a subset of them mainly because I wanted the camera for telephoto opportunities.

Leica C-Lux
Typical file sizes -

5D 12.8Mp CR2 - c. 14M
XV 16.2Mp DNG - c. 24.5M (out of camera)
       - c. 17.1M (Adobe DNG compressed - no loss)
C-Lux 20.1Mp RWL - c. 23.6M (out of camera)

    C-Lux -- 340g
    X-Vario -- 680g

Sensor data (for the brutal facts) - HERE

Camera Review

Leica X Vario (2013 - Present)

Well, took the plunge and downsized from the 5D - not so good at carrying weight on the hills these days.
Found this wee device ticked most of the boxes for my current requirement -
 Reasonable weight/size
 Good manual focus if required
 Good menu system/controls
 Nice sharp lens
 Reasonable zoom range
 Reasonably good ISO range with well controlled noise
 Dioptric adjustment on viewfinder
 No sensor cleaning
 Very quiet shutter

Going by some of the reviews of this camera you have to be an idiot to buy one - read no further I'm an idiot!

Most of my snaps fall within the range of the zoom which is 28mm - 70mm equivalent and the lens is marked as 28/35/50/70. The lack of the 70 - 105 range is a bit of a blow but then to get the same quality in the lens would require a larger unit as the EF lens indeed was.
The lens is slow (3.5-6.4) but looking at the noise performance at the higher ASA/ISO's I think it should be OK.
The weight saving is considerable -
 5D with 24-105 + batt - c. 1600g
 XV with EVF2/grip/batt - c. 680g
A preliminary check of noise at ISO 1600 compares OK with the 5D at ISO 1600 so that'll do me and the manual focus works well with a good indicator on the screen to adjust.
The sensor is only an APS-C rather than full frame but the quality is as good as the 5D which is enough for me and the lens is marked as for full frame so the brain is happy.
Decided to use the Olympus VF2 viewfinder which works fine and a lot cheaper than the Leica EVF2 part (also with more subdued branding). Having said that I do find occasionally that the screen is green when switched on which then requires another repower. This apparently has been seen by a reviewer using the Leica EVF2 as well.
The grip makes a difference to the feel (obviously hopeless compared to the T90/5D but then again is a smaller camera) and my hand doesn't seem to be hitting the control wheel which is a problem some users are having.

Also decided to use the old strap from the AE-1 - just borrowed the rings from the leather Leica strap - and reapplied the black amalgam tape to avoid odd scratching, etc.
As far as aesthetics go the camera is quite an elegant traditional style of design and feels good in the hands. The 'ol Leica red dot is a subdued matt red (unlike the bright red of the publicity shots) and complements the black body well (reminiscent of the yellow branding on the T90 which set the design off quite well).
So, basically for me it seems to be a bit of a collection of things I liked with my previous cameras all in one package - no sensor cleaning, no lens changing, good sharp lens, nice menu/controls, good manual control, very little shutter noise, good size and weight.
JPG's from the XV look good and I tend to dial in -0.3 EV which gives good results in the main.

I tend to use a UV filter on my cameras and I must confess that trying to get the correct filter for the X Vario is somewhat of a Black Art. I was beginning to wonder if a special handshake or something was required but in the end I think it is now sorted. The lens is 43mm (shown as such inside lens cap) but it seems that the thread pitch can vary somewhat. The initial filter used was a B+W 010M F-Pro MRC UV filter - part number 40228 with a 0.5 thread pitch but this only went on part of the way. A better fitting is the B+W 010M F-Pro MRC UV filter - part number 23185 with a thread pitch of 0.75 - of course you might expect such technical info to be available in the lens/camera specification but that would be too easy. It looks like 0.75 is the standard pitch these days but some earlier lenses used a 0.5 pitch.
I'm pretty certain that the Zeiss T* filter would also be OK thread wise but haven't tried it.
EDIT: Recently managed to obtain a thinner filter ( B+W 43mm XS-Pro Digital Clear MRC Nano Filter (007M) Item Number 45384 ).

Leica X Vario

In use so far - quirks/annoyances/ticks
When turning the camera to a portrait position the strap can hit the left side buttons and bring up the various menus (ISO/WB/etc) (EDIT: no longer an issue since using fingerloop). Also the PLAY button is easily operated with my nose when using the EVF - hugely annoying, leads to missed shots.
When shutter is pressed the EVF will freeze while the file is written - even with all review settings set to OFF - annoying, leads to missed shots.
EVF is low res so not much good for checking exposure/colours - OK for framing.
For me the LCD is useless in the daylight so have to live with the poor EVF - the 5D LCD was the same but then it had a proper VF!
Miss the 70 - 105 range a bit but I can live with it.
Battery life doesn't seem to be great - trying to reduce the chimping to see if it improves but at the moment it looks like I may need to carry 2 extra batteries. Subsequent usage has shown the battery life to be poor as against the old 5D.
Have to set the Date/Time each time the battery is changed unless it is done very quickly - annoying. EDIT: Leica says it is a fault so need to send camera back to Germany now OK since fixed in factory.
Self Timer function needs to be set for each use, can't be left on.

Menu system works well.
Lens appears to be quite good.
I like the fact that the XV lens is marked in 35mm equivalent ranges which suits my brain (28, 35, 50,70) and I can quickly set the lens to these prime focal lengths if required.
'Slow' lens not too much of a problem and the well controlled noise at the higher ISO's allows noise reduction to work quite well.

EDIT: Just recently tried the finger loop and it is superb - I now use this rather than the traditional neck strap. I tried out the various sizes and although the Medium was the correct fit I went for the Large and it works well as it gives just a wee bit of extra space to ease the handling particularly when moving to vertical orientation. Build quality of the loop is excellent but unfortunately the same can not be said of the handgrip - the top came off the other day due to shoddy glue!

File sizes can be an issue these days with digital cameras -
5D 12.8Mp CR2 - c. 14M
XV 16.2Mp DNG - c. 24.5M (out of camera)
       - c. 17.1M (Adobe DNG compressed - no loss)

I tend to process using Lightroom but it would be good if Aperture had support also - Aperture supports DNG but the camera model must be supported in the OS

Update: OSX Yosemite (10.10) with Digital Camera RAW Compatibility Update 6.03 supports the XV along with Aperture 3.6

What would I like to see improved?
Well - occasionally I have had some snaps that are not particularly sharp where I expect them to be but haven't been able to eliminate user error (I rarely shoot on a tripod) so if there is a quirk there I wouldn't mind a F/W update. Other than that the problem with the buttons being accidently touched/hit I'm sure could be improved in F/W.
I've also noticed that there is a delay after taking a snap before the camera is ready for the next shot - I've reduced all the menu options and use very fast SD cards to minimize this but maybe a DNG only option in firmware would help (eliminate the jpg processing) - I just hope the internal CPU is beefy enough (I'm a fan of using way too powerful CPU's to avoid delays but I guess that then impacts the battery performance). If the shutter is pressed halfway it does stop the freeze but this shouldn't be necessary when the review option is set to OFF (this also suggests that processor throughput is not the problem but buggy firmware is). EDIT: I have noticed that if flash is used (v1.1 F/W) then the delay does not occur so I now see this as a bug rather than insufficient processor power

All said and done the price of the XV appears steep to many folk but I see that it cost about the same as the original 5D with the 24-105 lens and each has its pros and cons (having said that I notice that Leica have reduced the price now and I have seen them at good dealers at 2/3 the original price which isn't bad for a camera with a quality Leica zoom).
EDIT: the XV has been discontinued but the price of old stock was much cheaper and I would consider a used model in good condition very good value.
Some folk would say why not a Fuji X-Pro1 at half the price and indeed I was seriously interested in that camera (especially since the XPan experience was excellent) but I didn't feel comfortable with the usability of it and the lack of dioptric adjustment was a showstopper for me however I am mightily impressed with the way Fuji improves its cameras (even if already sold) with firmware updates. Leica needs to up their game in this department as a lot of the quirks with the XV could be fixed in firmware however my feeling now is that the XV will go the way of the dinosaurs now the model T is available.

In summary - I'm quite liking the X Vario but in all honesty it is very overpriced for the quality provided when I compare it to the T90/5D cameras I had (bearing in mind I paid the original mugs price rather than the more realistic street price that is now available. The pricing obviously includes a substantial premium for a good lens and a name brand but I would still place the operational quality of my old SLR's (Canon) at a higher level.
I needed to get the camera serviced in Germany for the Date/Time No Backup problem and this appears to be fixed and the F/W upgraded to 1.1 along with a repaired grip. The service took c. 35 days and improved a few wee things but still no fix for the Auto Review - OFF bug ( I don't think the problem is slow CPU because a halfpress of the shutter will kill the review so it appears to be shoddy F/W.

I have definitely noticed that very occasionally in bright daylight the AF just does not focus correctly but allows the shot to be taken so if you need to be confident of getting the shot I think the choice would be use MF or get a Japanese SLR. Interestingly I could get the same result on demand when trying to AF on a christmas tree in quite poor light.

Lifesize Views - HERE

Compact version of above link - HERE

Handy walking case.
Found a nifty case from Mountain Warehouse which just happens to be a washroom bag but was excellent for alpine walking - it hangs on the pack waist belt and allows easy access to the camera with the EVF mounted. The bag offers a reasonable amount of protection, is relatively incognito and the black colour with red trim matches the camera quite well. There are a few zip compartments for odds and ends like lens covers/SD cards/batteries, etc.

MountainLife Travel bag - HERE

Camera Review

Canon EOS 5D 35mm SLR (2006 - 2013)

The great step has been taken and the T90 honourably retired in favour of a digital model. Personally the T90 was a great camera and still is however the attraction of digital for me has been quite compelling. Having said that I wanted a digital SLR that would be reasonably close in feature set and performance to the old T90 - it has taken a while but I reckon the EOS 5D is pretty damn close so we will see how it goes!

Comparative features between T90 and 5D HERE

How did I decide on the 5D? - see below, The Digital Question.

The 5D styling stacks up pretty well with the original Luigi Colani inspired design of the T90 (although no yellow unfortunately) and the size and weight of the body are not too dissimilar.

The feel of the body in the hands is excellent and not too dissimilar to the T90. The overall noise is lower without the film transport motor drive with the shutter giving a reassuring dull "kerplunk" - it feels solid enough. The eyepiece cover is rubber piece held on the strap which is pretty shonky given that the T90 had an inbuilt device (the AE-1 had a separate piece also that sat in the flash hotshoe when not in use). The Quick Control Dial on the back makes quick work of the menu system and the Main Wheel Dial by the shutter button works similarly to the T90 albeit not quite as smooth.

The T90 still has a few wee features that the 5D lacks (multi-spot metering, multiple exposure, slightly faster fps & flash sync) but none of these are for me a showstopper (I guess multiple exposure can be done in a photo editor these days).

I find the LCD info in the viewfinder gets "lost" compared to the brighter red LED displays of the T90 and the ISO setting can easily be overlooked since you need to hit a button and use the Custom Control Dial - double-edged sword, nice to be able to alter the ISO at will but easy to forget the setting. 

The neck strap for the 5D is quality but a bit "in yer face" and large so I've promoted the ol' AE-1 strap that was used on the T90 - maybe it will bring good karma for the hopefully trusty 5D.

As for all the techo performance stuff well I would refer folk to for an indepth review.

Canon 5D Front
Canon 5D Back

The original curvy Canon as designed by Luigi Colani featuring inbuilt winder and AA battery storage introduced c. 1986 and end of production in 1996.

Canon T90 - The 'ol grandpappy!

Unfortunately much as I liked the 5D with the 24-105mm zoom I found the weight and bulk was getting a bit too much so had to move it on - thought about keeping it as the prices used are cheap but decided that somebody else may as well have a "shot" at an affordable full frame SLR.

Camera Review

Minox AL 35mm Rangefinder

No longer in the collection this was the camera I used for the simple box Brownie type days -  just go out and snap.

The AL was at the lower budget end of the Minox range and produced in white rather than the usual black however I liked it for the simplicity, 35mm film size and reasonably sharp lens (the lens was not in the same class as the rest of the Minox range however). The lens was 35mm/f4.0 with fixed focus. I loved the simple exposure settings (bright sun, cloudy, overcast) and small pocket size.

Loading the film was a hoot as it always seemed as though the whole camera was being dismantled (most of the outer casing slides off) and the trapdoor front needed to opened for the lens to extend out. This trapdoor was in fact a weak point since the hinging was a combination of metal and plastic with the result that the plastic broke and I needed to fit a black one from another model of Minox since no white ones were available.

The feel of the camera was one of a metal box to hold a good size film with a reasonably good quality lens and minimal exposure requirements.

The Minox for me was a fun wee camera and was great for travelling.

Minox AL

Camera Review

Contax T3 35mm Rangefinder (2002 - 2006)

I wanted a small camera that I could carry around "in the pocket " in order to take a quick snap but it needed to give a high quality result (this satisfies the "Box Brownie mood that sometimes grips me). I find the image quality of the Zeiss lens to be excellent (nice and sharp) and difficult to tell apart from results from the SLR.

The only problem so far has been around the battery cover where there are signs of corrosion which looked like the result of electrolyte leakage from the battery - however since the battery has never been a problem I am at a loss to why this should be occurring.

Unfortunately since I have drifted away from film the T3 has been sold. Replacing it is impossible since in the digital world the sensors of the compacts are as yet nowhere near the quality of SLR sensors whereas in the film world the film quality was the same for a given format.

Contax T3

Camera Review

Hasselblad XPan 35mm Rangefinder/Panoramic (1999 - 2006)

This camera is a flawed gem. I find image quality of the 45mm lens is excellent but the state of the black paintwork on the body is parlous. Given the fact that the body now looks thoroughly used (My T90 is c. 14 years old and looks in better shape)  the camera itself is a joy to use. I have never worried too much about the fact the shutter speed is difficult to read on the rear LCD since moving the eye back is easy enough - what I like is that I can carry the unit in a Lowe photo bag with the T90 and is great for travelling. 

The shutter actuation feels good and I have no problem with the viewfinder at all. Folk do say it is heavy but I am used to a T90 so it is not an issue at all.

The only major problem I had was soon after purchasing it I found the negs were overlapping and the neg spacing was very irregular - a bad fault for a "quality" brand. The repair took c. 7 months and I think the camera travelled right round the world in that time but at least the repair was good and the problem has not recurred at all.

To be sure to avoid the light falloff problem with the lens the circular centre filter is recommended but it does cost an arm and a leg.

A lot has been said about the big price on these XPan's but I guess that is the price of the Hasselblad brand and all said and done I love the panoramic format which is switchable on the fly and the fact it uses 35mm film.

The image quality from the 45mm lens for me is outstanding. The lenses are actually made by Fuji as is the original camera (TX-1) the XPan is based on.

The XPan II looks like it has some improved features but if the paint finish is still a bit bodge then I'm glad I got mine a while ago (at a cheaper price) - no regrets at all.

XPan Top View

Just a wee note on the XPan format - even though the XPan ran 35mm film it in essence was a medium format camera with medium format lenses running in crop mode (top/bottom) that is why the lens quality was superior to normal 35mm format lenses.

More about XPan here -

XPAN page - the Xpan format and how to do it digitally

Camera Review

Canon T90 35mm SLR (1990 - 2006)

The T90 is a fantastic camera and very robust (I got mine in c. 1990)  however there is a bit of a problem that crops up with the shutter dying. This seems to only happen after a few years and there has been a bit of discussion in the newsgroups about it.

This is what I did to fix mine and it has been going OK for quite a while now -

Open the back and press the stop down button once or maybe twice and if you see the shutter shudder then close the back and operate the trigger - I did and it worked fine, give it a run on H continuous to loosen it up. I think as the camera ages it needs to be exercised as the lubricants are probably tightening up and causing the safety mechanisms to cut in. There is also a school of thought that the problem may only occur when the main AA cells are removed for storing the camera. Whenever the camera is empty just give it a good thrash on both low and high speed continuous motor drive. I tend to leave my AA's in and periodically check them for good condition. Having said that I tend to use the lithium AA cells which have excellent shelf life, are durable and reliable not to mention lighter with four cells weighing about the same as 3 alkaline ones.

The only real criticism is the ease at which the rubber eyepiece detaches from the viewer and of course mine was no exception - last seen somewhere near the Sydney harbour bridge in the 1990's. Don't believe anyone who says the EOS ones are the same - they are not and need to be butchered to fit but don't look right as the dimensions are more rectangular than the original piece.

The T90 is not a light camera but does fit the hand beautifully. It is quite noisy with the shutter actuation and motor drive but I've learnt to live with it.

A film leader out mod could easily be done in hardware (I got mine done by Canon early on) so anyone getting a second hand unit should check this (I think this actually appeared as a Custom Function on later EOS cameras). 

The Luigi Colani inspired styling of the T90 is simply sensational and even when I upgrade to a digital (probably EOS) I don't think I'll be able to let it go - it deserves retirement as a fine objet d'art for the mantlepiece.

The styling makes it the grand-pappy of all the EOS cameras and feature for feature (in my opinion) the only EOS body that came near the same feature set as the T90 was the EOS 3 which was quite expensive when introduced.  It just goes to show how good the T90 was (and still is)  and how long it took for a proper equivalent EOS to appear on the scene. Needless to say the time for EOS film cameras is passing so to get all the T90 features in a digital body is the next milestone.

When it was first introduced folk were uncertain as to how long the LCD display would last - it still looks great to me so no worries there.

For me a great touch of the design was the yellow branding which makes it feel more elegant than the stark utilitarian white that has been used on all the EOS bodies since.

A great camera, no question, simply a classic.

T90 Body
T90 Naked

Camera Review

Canon AE-1 35mm SLR (1978-2003)

This was my first real camera obtained in 1978 and quite frankly it was a brilliant wee camera that took great snaps. It was a shutter-priority camera at a time when many manufacturers seemed to prefer aperture priority but was tremendously successful in the marketplace. The last time I used it was in 2003 before it was sold ( a bit of a wrench) and it was still going strong (I held onto the neck strap which still serves me well on the 5D (after tireless service on the T90) since the later straps were all a bit cumbersome).

The biggest nag was the multi-legged bug that lived in the viewfinder which was not too bad since it was in the prism box on the focusing screen so didn't interfere with the actual image taking. I often wonder if it got a headache with all the mirror clunking occurring!

A feature that I liked which you don't get in more modern camera bodies was the fact that the rewind knob movement would indicate that the film was in fact winding on! There was also something nice about using the film advance lever which motor drives have now displaced.

In its lifetime no repairs were required apart from a light sealing job. Because of the age of the camera the light sealing foam inside the body needed replacing after c. 22 years but this was easily done by a good camera repair shop.

The only obvious defect was a crack in the plastic by the self-timer led but this was merely cosmetic so no worry. The only camera I would have upgraded to would have been the A-1 but the brilliant T-90 gazumped that.

I would still recommend it today if in good nick and while film is still available.

Canon AE-1

Camera Review

Polaroid SX70 Land camera (1970's)

This was an interesting camera but expensive to run.
Basically I thought it might be useful to give more ready access to the snaps rather than depend on the vagaries of photo labs at the time however the downside was that the filmpacks (10/pack) were pricey and the flash bars were disposable and also pricey.
I think from memory each flash bar had 5 or 6 bulbs and were not reusable.

All in all the technology was interesting (a crude variation of the digital environment really) but for me pricey and gimmicky - Ok for folks wanting an instant 'hardcopy' I guess.

Polaroid SX70

Camera Review

Koroll S (1973)

This was the first camera I really used which was my Dad's old one that he had in the 50's.
I don't think the lens was any great quality but it used to take medium format film rolls (120) and had a wee metal cropping frame in the back for the different size of frame (square 6x6/rectangular 6x4.5?).
It came with a brown leather case which by the time I got it was pretty battered.
Produced by a crowd called Bencini an Italian firm from Milano.

The lens barrel needed to be pulled out of the body and then the shutter button would then move a metal lever inside which actuated the shutter - this seemed to be a leaf type with a fine spring from memory.

Koroll S
Koroll S Rear

Camera Review

Kodak Box camera

Mum used to have one of these although I never used it.
I struggle to remember which model it was but it was black cardboard with textured finish.
A few snaps in the family album were no doubt taken with it.

Box Brownie

Compact Miscellany

Had a few compacts over the years (in addition to the ones above) with varying degrees of success -

Canon Sureshot

Good camera with reasonable images

Canon Sureshot

Rollei Prego Zoom

Wanted to try a zoom. Quite sharp lens but found it to be a wee bit bulky.

Rollei Prego Zoom

Canon Powershot S80

Digital still evolving but images were good although JPG only (no RAW files).

Canon Powershot S80

Canon Powershot S90

Nice small size and good images (RAW/JPG)

Canon Powershot S90

Photography has always been about trade offs and my selection of compacts reflect that.
eg: Wish List - small size, good weight for size, good zoom, razor sharp images, good low light performance, good ergonomics and so on ... Dream the impossible!

For film the standout compact for me was the Contax T3 - outstanding with good size/style/ergonomics and excellent images. The Minox 35AL also rated very well for sheer simplicity of snapping in a good package.

In the digital world I have settled for the CLux with excellent images and good extreme zoom and it links in OK with the XV/CL cameras. The S90 rated well for size and image quality.

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